Henley Passport Index 2019: For some people, a passport is a portal to the world. For others, it is a barrier to the travel freedom they seek. Where do you lie on the spectrum of mobility?
The Henley Passport Index is the most rigorous and sophisticated measure of global access. It goes beyond a simple ranking of passports to provide you with an in-depth picture of your travel freedom, including which countries you can access with which type of visa, how your passport has changed over the last 14 years, how your passport compares to other passports, why your passport has the level of access it does, and which additional passports would improve your mobility.
The Henley Passport Index is the only passport index that is based on IATA data, enhanced by extensive in-house research, supported by expert commentary, and updated regularly throughout the year, making it the most robust, credible, and reliable index of its kind.
Which country has the most powerful passport in the world in 2019?
According to the Henley Passport Index 2019, Japan – for the second year in a row.
The Japanese passport offers visa-free travel to 190 destinations, beating out Singapore and South Korea, which tied in second place and France and Germany, which ranked third.
So where does Indian passport rank on the Henley Passport Index 2019?
With access to 61 destinations, the Indian passport is tied in 79th place alongside Armenia, Benin, Mongolia, and Morocco.
List of the countries where Indian passport holder can travel visa-free
* Visa on arrival
- Cambodia *
- Laos *
- Macao (SAR China)
- Maldives *
- Myanmar *
- Sri Lanka *
- Thailand *
- Timor-Leste *
- Ukraine *
- Benin *
- Cape Verde Islands *
- Comores Islands *
- Djibouti *
- Ethiopia *
- Gabon *
- Guinea-Bissau *
- Kenya *
- Madagascar *
- Mauritania *
- Mozambique *
- Rwanda *
- Seychelles *
- Somalia *
- Tanzania *
- Togo *
- Uganda *
- Zimbabwe *
- Cook Islands
- Marshall Islands *
- Palau Islands *
- Samoa *
- Tuvalu *
- British Virgin Islands
- St. Kitts and Nevis
- St. Lucia *
- St. Vincent and the Grenadines
- Trinidad and Tobago
- Bolivia *
- El Salvador
- Suriname *
- Armenia *
- Iran *
- Jordan *
Key summary of Henley Passport Index 2019
Top 5 on the Henley Passport Index 2019
Position 1: Japan – Visa-free access to 190 destinations
Position 2: Singapore, South Korea – Visa-free access to 189 destinations
Position 3: France, Germany – Visa-free access to 188 destinations
Position 4: Denmark, Finland, Italy, Sweden – Visa-free access to 187 destinations
Position 5: Luxembourg, Spain – Visa-free access to 186 destinations
Bottom 5 on the Henley Passport Index 2019
Position 100: Eritrea – Visa-free access to 38 destinations
Position 101: Yemen – Visa-free access to 37 destinations
Position 102: Pakistan – Visa-free access to 33 destinations
Position 103: Somalia, Syria – Visa-free access to 32 destinations
Position 104: Afghanistan, Iraq – Visa-free access to 30 destinations
Biggest Climbers on the 2019 Henley Passport Index
China gained 5 positions in 2019 rank: 69th – Visa-free access to 74 destinations
Colombia gained 5 positions in 2019 rank: 42nd – Visa-free access to 127 destinations
Tuvalu gained 5 positions in 2019 rank: 42nd – Visa-free access to 127 destinations
United Arab Emirates gained 5 positions in 2019 rank: 22nd – Visa-free access to 164 destinations
Key Citizenship-by-Investment Programs on the Henley Passport Index 2019
Global Henley Passport Index rank of countries with citizenship-by-investment programs
Austria is in 6th position – Visa-free access to 185 destinations
Malta is in 9th position – Visa-free access to 182 destinations
Cyprus is in 16th position – Visa-free access to 173 destinations
St. Kitts and Nevis is in 27th position – Visa-free access to 151 destinations
Antigua and Barbuda is in 28th position – Visa-free access to 150 destinations
St. Lucia is in 31st position – Visa-free access to 145 destinations
Grenada is in 33rd position – Visa-free access to 143 destinations
Montenegro is in 45th position – Visa-free access to 123 destinations
Moldova is in 46th position – Visa-free access to 122 destinations
The following combination of 14 passports would grant you visa-free access to the whole world.
- AzerbaijanCongo (Rep.)
- United States
- North Korea
The minimum number of passports granting worldwide visa-free access is fixed at 14; however, multiple viable combinations of 14 passports exist. The specific combination displayed on this post is only one of many possibilities. The information provided here is based on the 2019 Henley Passport Index dataset, as of 8 January 2019
Conditions and Criteria of Henley Passport Index
For each travel destination, if no visa is required for passport holders from a country or territory, then a score with value = 1 is created for that passport. A score with value = 1 is also applied if passport holders can obtain a visa on arrival, a visitor’s permit, or an electronic travel authority (ETA) when entering the destination. These visa-types require no pre-departure government approval, because of the specific visa-waiver programs in place.
Where a visa is required, or where a passport holder has to obtain a government-approved electronic visa (e-Visa) before departure, a score with value = 0 is assigned. A score with value = 0 is also assigned if passport holders need pre-departure government approval for a visa on arrival, a scenario we do not consider ‘visa-free’.
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The total score for each passport is equal to the number of destinations for which no visa is required (value = 1), under the conditions defined above.
The index assumes the following:
- the passport is valid;
- the passport is ‘normal’ rather than diplomatic, emergency, or temporary;
- the passport holder is an adult citizen of the issuing country, travelling alone rather than in a tourist group;
- the passport holder meets all the basic requirements for entry (for example, holding a hotel reservation or having proof of sufficient funds);
- the passport holder does not meet any complex requirements for entry (for example, possessing a government-issued letter);
- the passport holder has had all the necessary inoculations or vaccinations;
- the passport holder is arriving at and departing from the same airport;
- the passport holder is seeking a short stay rather than a transit stay in the destination country or territory;
- the duration of the short stay is between three days and several months;
- the port of entry is a major city or capital, in cases where this is required;
- entry to the destination country is for tourist or business purposes.
The visa policy of Greenland and the Faroe Islands is taken to be the same as that of Denmark.